Types of Access Control Technologies: Exploring the Options

types of access control

Enterprises are increasingly relying on access control technologies to ensure the protection of their premises, assets, and sensitive information. Access control systems provide a proactive approach to security, allowing organizations to control and monitor access to their facilities. Figuring out which access control technology is best suited for different businesses could be a challenge. This article explores the various types of access control technologies and their key features.

Card-Based Access Control

Card-based access control systems are among the most popular and widely used solutions. This technology utilizes proximity cards or smart cards embedded with RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) or NFC (Near Field Communication) technology. Users present their cards to card readers installed at entry points to gain access.

Card-based access control has advantages including ease of use, savings, and the ability to manage updated access rights in a simple way. In addition, keeping the card safe is possible by deactivating lost or stolen cards.

Biometric Access Control

Biometric access control systems utilize unique physiological or behavioural characteristics of individuals for authentication. Common biometric modalities include fingerprint recognition, iris scanning, , and palm geometry.

Biometric systems provide a high level of security as they rely on individual qualities that are difficult to imitate. For high-security locations or businesses that place a high priority on rigorous authentication procedures, biometric access control is especially ideal.

Keypad or PIN-Based Access Control

Keypad or PIN-based access control systems require users to enter a numeric code or password into a keypad to gain entry. The keypad may be used in combination with other technologies such as card readers, or it can be integrated into a separate access control device.

This type of access control technology is cost-effective, easy to manage, and suitable for low-security areas or applications where a basic level of access control is sufficient.

Mobile-Based Access Control

Mobile-based access control leverages smartphones or mobile devices as credentials for entry. With the help of Bluetooth or NFC technology, users can gain access by simply presenting their mobile devices to compatible access control readers.

This technology offers convenience and flexibility, as users are less likely to forget or lose their smartphones compared to physical cards or keys. Mobile-based access control is particularly useful in environments where employees or visitors frequently change, such as co-working spaces or events.

Selecting an appropriate Access control technology

Selecting the appropriate access control technology is essential for securing your location and guaranteeing the security of your resources and employees. Each type of access control technology offers unique features and advantages. Consider factors such as security requirements, convenience, scalability, and budget when selecting the most suitable solution for your organization.

Cant find what you're looking for?

Enter a search term below (e.g. "Time and Attendance") and we'll find all of our relevant content for you.

Tensor plc accreditations

Keep up to date with our latest news & developments.

Be the first to get product and software updates and other important information.